Minsk is a city with a centuries-old tradition, which is also largely associated with Polish culture and history. It was mentioned for the first time in the chronicles of 1067. Minsk around 1300 became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and by the Union in Kreva in 1386 together with Lithuania was formally incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland. In 1441, King Kazimierz Jagiellończyk granted Minsk and other cities considerable privileges, and the significant development of the city over the next years meant that Minsk received from Alexander Jagiellończyk Magdeburg city rights in 1499.
In the 16th century, the cities were destroyed first by the invasion of the Crimean Tatars, then by the Moscow army, and finally by a great fire in 1547.
After the Union of Lublin in 1569, Minsk was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, thanks to which it developed constantly. In 1708, at the behest of the Russian Tsar, Peter I, the city was burned by the Russians. In 1733, the city was occupied by the Russian army for almost two years. After the Second Partition of Poland from 1793 the city belonged to the Russian Empire. In the mid-nineteenth century, the city was multinational - the largest percentage were Poles, Jews, Belarusians and Russians were also large national groups.
At the end of World War I, in January 1918, after the city was recaptured from the Bolshevik occupation, the city was taken over by the Germans. It was not until January 1919, after the Germans retreated, that the city was again taken over by the Bolsheviks, and on 5 January 1919, Minsk was proclaimed the capital of the Belarusian SSR. However, as early as August 1919, Minsk was captured by the Polish army in the course of an operation conducted by General Stanisław Szeptycki and part of General Haller's "blue army". In July 1920, the city was captured by the Bolsheviks during the Polish-Bolshevik war, however, after the victorious German battle for the Polish side, the Poles entered Minsk again, but only for a few days. Finally, under the Riga Treaty of 1921, Minsk was finally incorporated into the Belarusian SSR, and from 1922 to the USSR.
Minsk has been the capital of the sovereign Republic of Belarus since 1991. Minsk is a modern city, political and cultural center of the Belarusian nation and home to people of different nationalities and denominations. According to the 2015 census, the most numerous national minorities of the Belarusian capital include Russians, Ukrainians, Poles, Lithuanians, Jews, Tatars and Armenians.